• A tragic endgame in Karabakh

    A fresh disaster may be looming in Nagorny Karabakh. On September 19, the majority-Armenian highland enclave within the borders of Azerbaijan came under attack from Azerbaijan. The lightning offensive overwhelmed inferior Armenian forces, and Azerbaijan took possession of the province it had not controlled in thirty-five years. Force, not diplomacy has decided the course of this conflict.
    by Thomas de Waal
  • Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict shows Russia's weakened influence

    Recent events in Nagorno-Karabakh are a sign that Russia is no longer able to protect its interests in the Caucasus. Even loyal vassal Armenia is losing faith in Putin's traditional support for Armenia in the conflict.
    by Neil Hauer
  • Hoe werkt de oorlog uit op Ruslands betrekkingen met zijn buren?

    De Russische invasie van Oekraïne is nu iets meer dan een maand oud. Van de 15 republieken van de voormalige Sovjet-Unie zijn

  • Russia follows traditional imperial and Soviet patterns

    Russian analysts see a changing attitude in the Kremlin’s reactions to crises in Belarus, Nagorno-Karabakh and Kyrgyzstan. In their view the Kremlin is becoming more pragmatic. German Russia expert Hannes Adomeit disagrees and argues that Russia just follows traditional imperial Russian (and Soviet) patterns of behaviour.
    by Hannes Adomeit
  • After the war in Karabakh: chaos and secrecy about missing soldiers

    Probably thousands of Azerbaijani and Armenians were killed during the six weeks that the battle for Nagorno-Karabakh lasted. President Putin spoke of 5.000 casualties. Officials in Armenia have reported 2.400 dead and hundreds of missing persons. The victorious Azerbaijani government, however, remains silent, while the anguished families are scrambling for news about their missing loved ones. But no one outside the halls of power knows for sure what happened to them.
    by Andy Heil
  • Karabakh-ceasefire: benefits for Baku and Ankara, burden for Moscow

    In the peace plan of nine points for Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan is the clear winner, while Turkey also benefits. Moscow claims a diplomatic succes, but will have to deal with a very difficult implementation and no solution for the conflict in sight. Russia may need wider international support to make it work.
    by Thomas de Waal
  • Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia’s surrender, Russia’s success

    Russia, Azerbaijan and Armenia brokered a cease-fire on Karabakh before the Azeri managed to recapture the Armenian enclave of Karabakh.It is a win for Russia: the West is out and Turkey officially didn't sign the armistice. However, Turkish troups can be invited to Azerbaijan any time.
    by Wojciech Górecki
  • How Russia is winning at its own game

    Russia witnesses worrying developments in what it sees as its 'Near Abroad' or sphere of influence, like the Caucasus and Belarus. But war and revolution are not inimical to Moscow if they follow paths Russian policymakers understand and even support.
    by Kadri Liik
  • With belligerent Ankara, Russia’s global ambitions hit a regional snag

    As the international global order is unraveling, Russia is facing a belligerent Turkey in the deadly Nagorno-Karabakh escalation.
    by Jaba Devdariani
  • US and Europe must engage in stemming Karabakh-conflict

    Two new factors make the hostilities, which erupted between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the enclave Nagorno-Karabakh, more dangerous. For the first time Turkey is openly backing one of the parties, Azerbaijan, and the United States is unusually disengaged. Russia has leverage, but will never be able to deliver a peace agreement on its own. Region-expert Thomas de Waal calls for serious American and European engagement to stem the conflict.
    by Thomas de Waal
  • War erupts between Armenia and Azerbaijan on Karabakh

    The decennia old simmering conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan about Nagorny Karabakh on september 27 took a sharp turn to open

  • Armenia and Russia learned some lessons from the past

    Russia's president Putin was among the first foreign leaders to congratulate Nikol Pashinian after becoming Armenia's prime